Wiki Wednesday: Vehicle-Miles Traveled
Until recently, VMT had been rising steeply in the U.S.
Vehicle-Miles Traveled (VMT) is the total number of miles driven by all residential vehicles within a given time period and geographic area.
We're seeing more about VMT in the national media as rising gas prices cause people to drive less. Largely absent from the coverage -- so far -- is a discussion about intentionally reducing VMT through policy. Will that change soon? It should: A built environment where people don't rely on a car for every trip is also one where expensive gas won't put such a crimp in household budgets. Diana's wiki entry highlights one avenue to explore in particular:
Land use -- namely sprawl development -- is the main culprit. Americans are living farther from work, school, shopping and basic services. Even in higher density areas, where amenities may be closer to home, the road framework can be punishing for pedestrians. It is nearly impossible to walk in areas that cater to cars instead of people. Autocentric street design therefore forces even more cars onto roadways, which further impedes walkers and bicyclists. The vicious cycle continues and local governments turn to the only “quick fix” that they seem to know: build bigger highways (at enormous taxpayer expense) to accommodate the increased traffic.
Got more to add? Any member of the Livable Streets Network can edit a StreetsWiki entry.